EXERCISE 1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. (i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through (a) Rajasthan (c) Chhattisgarh (b) Orissa (d) Tripura (ii) The easternmost longitude of India is (a) 97° 25' E (c) 77° 6' E (b) 68° 7' E (d) 82° 32' E (iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with (a) China (c) Nepal (b) Bhutan (d) Myanmar (iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to (a) Puducherry (c) Andaman and Nicobar (b) Lakshadweep (d) Diu and Daman (v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country. (a) Bhutan (c) Bangladesh (b) Tajikistan (d) Nepal 2 Answer the following questions briefly. (i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian sea. (ii) Name the countries which are larger than India. (iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east? (iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours? 3 The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen? 4 The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why? MAP SKILLS 1. Identify the following with the help of map reading. (i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. (ii) The countries constituting Indian Subcontinent. (iii) The states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes. (iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees. (v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees. (vi) The eastern and the western most longitude in degrees. (vii) The place situated on the three seas. (viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India. (ix) The Union Territories of India. PROJECT/ACTIVITY (i) Find out the longitudinal and latitudinal extent of your state. (ii) Collect information about the ‘Silk Route’. Also find out the new developments, which are improving communication routes in the regions of high altitude. 6 CONTEMPORARY INDIA

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