>04_02H F.qxd> name="generator" content="pdftohtml 0.36"/> name="date" content="2018-04-11T17:10:08+00:00"/> http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"/>

Samajikavemrajnitikjeevan-1-009

vè;k; 9

'kgjh {ks=k esa vkthfodk

  • bl fp=k esa vki D;k ns[k jgs gSa\
  • vki igys gh xzkeh.k {ks=kksa osQ yksxksa osQ dk;ks± osQ ckjs esa i<+ pqosQ gSaA vc fiNys ikB esa fn, x, xzkeh.k {ks=k osQ dk;ks± osQ fp=k ls bl fp=k dh rqyuk dhft,A
  • 'kgj dk ,d Hkkx nwljs Hkkx ls vyx gksrk gSA vkius Åij okys fp=k esa D;k fHkÂrk,¡ ns[kha\


ch0_1


'kgjh {ks=k esa

Hkkjr esa ik¡p g”kkj ls ”;knk 'kgj gSa vkSj lÙkkbl egkuxj gSaA psUubZ] eqacbZ] fnYyh] dksydkrk tSls izR;sd egkuxj esa nl yk[k ls Hkh T+;knk yksx jgrs gSa vkSj dke djrs gSaA dgrs gSa fd 'kgj esa f”kanxh dHkh #drh ughaA pfy,] ,d 'kgj esa tkdj ns[ksa fd ogk¡ yksx D;k dke djrs gSaA D;k os ukSdjh djrs gSa ;k vius jks”kxkj esa yxs gSa\ os viuk thou dSls pykrs gSa\ D;k jks”kxkj vkSj dekbZ ds ekSds leku :i ls lHkh dks feyrs gSa\

ch9_0

lM+dksa ij dke djuk 

;g og 'kgj gS ftlesa esjh ekSlsjh cgu jgrh gSA eSa ;gk¡ fxuh&pquh ckj gh vkbZ gw¡A ;g cgqr cM+k 'kgj gSA ,d ckj tc eS ;gk¡ vkbZ rks esjh ekSlsjh cgu eq>s ?kqekus osQ fy, ys xbZ FkhA ge rM+osQ gh ?kj ls fudy xbZ FkhaA tSls gh ge eq[; lM+d dh rjiQ eqMs+a] geus ns[kk fd ogk¡ dki+Qh pgy&igya FkhA lC”kh cspus okyh viuh jsgM+h ij VekVj] xktj o [khjs dks ltkus esa O;Lr Fkh rkfd yksx ns[k losaQ fd mlosQ ikl cspus osQ fy, D;k&D;k g SA mldh cxy esa iQqVikFk ij ,d iQwyokyh cSBh FkhA og lqanj] jaxhu o rjg&rjg osQ iQwy csp jgh FkhA geus mlls yky vkSj ihyk xqykc [kjhnkA lM+d osQ nwljh rjiQ iVjh ij ,d O;fDr v[kckj csp jgk Fkk vkSj og pkjksa vksj ls yksxksa ls f?kjk gqvk FkkA gj dksbZ v[kckj dks i<+uk pkgrk FkkA ogk¡ ls clsa ”kksj&”kksj ls gkWuZ ctkrh gqbZ xq”kj jgh FkhaA

vkWVksfjD'kk Ldwy osQ cPpksa ls BlkBl Hkjs gq, FksA ikl osQ isM+ osQ uhps ,d eksph NksVs ls fVu osQ cDls ls viuk lkeku fudky jgk FkkA ogha lM+d osQ fdukjs ukbZ viuk dke 'kq: dj pqdk Fkk] mlosQ ikl ,d xzkgd igys ls gh Fkk tks lqcg&lqcg nk<+h cuokuk pkgrk FkkA lM+d ls FkksM+h nwj tkdj ,d vkSjr BsykxkM+h esa IykfLVd dh cksrysa] fMCcs] ckyksa dh fiu o fpeVh ys tk jgh FkhA ogha ij ,d nwljk O;fDr ?kj&?kj cspus osQ fy, lkbfdy ij lfC”k;k¡ ys tk jgk FkkA

ge ml txg ij vk xb± tgk¡ fjD'ksokys ,d drkj esa [kM+s gksdj xzkgd dk bar”kkj dj jgs FksA geus ,d dks ck”kkj tkus osQ fy, r; fd;kA ck”kkj ogk¡ ls nks fdyksehVj ij FkkA 

ch9_

cPpw ek¡>h & ,d fjD'kkokyk

eSa fcgkj osQ ,d xk¡o ls vk;k gw¡ tgk¡ eSa feL=kh dk dke djrk FkkA esjh choh vkSj rhu cPps xk¡o esa gh jgrs gSaA

gekjs ikl ”kehu ugha gSA xk¡o esa feL=khfxjh dk dke yxkrkj ugha feyrk FkkA tks dekbZ gksrh Fkh og ifjokj osQ fy, iwjh ugh iM+rh FkhA tc eSa 'kgj igq¡pk rks eSaus ;g iqjkuk fjD'kk [kjhnk vkSj bldk iSlk fdLrksa esa pqdk;kA ;g dki+Qh lky igys dh ckr gSA

jks”k lqcg cl LVki ij igq¡p tkrk gw¡ vkSj xzkgd tgk¡ Hkh tkuk pkgs] mUgsa ogk¡ NksM+ nsrk gw¡A fIkQj jkr dks vkB&ukS cts rd fjD'kk pykrk gw¡A eSa 'kgj dh ,d dkWyksuh esa vkl&ikl djhc N% fdyksehVj rd fjD'kk pykrk gw¡A nwjh osQ fglkc ls gj xzkgd eq>s 5&10 #i, rd nsrk gSA tc rch;r [kjkc gks tkrh gS rc eSa ;g dke ugha dj ikrkA mu fnuksa dekbZ fcYdqy ugha gks ikrhA

eSa vius nksLrksa osQ lkFk fdjk, osQ dejs esa jgrk gw¡A os lc ikl dh i+SQDVjh esa dke djrs gSaA jks”k 80&100 #i, rd esjh dekbZ gks tkrh gS ftlesa ls 50&60 #i, [kkus vkSj fdjk, ij [kpZ gks tkrs gSaA ckdh eSa ifjokj osQ fy, cpk ysrk gw¡A lky esa nks rhu ckj eSa vius ifjokj ls feyus xk¡o tkrk gw¡A tks iSlk 'kgj ls Hkstrk gw¡ ] esjk ifjokj mlh ij thrk gSA dHkh&dHkkj esjh choh [ksrksa esa e”knwjh djosQ FkksM+k&cgqr dek ysrh gSA


  • cPpw ek¡>h 'kgj D;ksa vk;k Fkk\ 
  • cPpw vius ifjokj ds lkFk D;ksa ugha jg ldrk\
  • fdlh lC”kh cspus okyh ;k Bsys okys ls ckr dfj, vkSj irk yxkb, fd os viuk dke dSls djrs gS & rS;kjh] [kjhnuk] cspuk bR;kfnA
  • cPpw dks ,d fnu dh NqV~Vh ysus ls igys Hkh lkspuk iM+rk gSA D;ksa\


cPpw ek¡>h dh rjg gh 'kgj esa dbZ lkjs yksx lM+dksa ij dke djrs gSaA os ph”ksa csprs


ch9_2

vDlj 'kgj esa dke djosQ vkthfodk pykus okys dkexkjksa dks etcwju lM+dksa ij gh jguk iM+rkgSA fp=k esa ,slh txg fn[k jgh gS tgk¡ fnu ds oD+r dkexkj viuk lkeku j[k tkrs gSa vkSj jkr esa ogha [kkuk cukrs gSaA

gSa] mudh ejEer djrs gSa ;k dksbZ lsok nsrs gSaA os Lo&jks”kxkj esa yxs gSaA mudks dksbZ nwljk O;fDr jks”kxkj ugha nsrk gS blhfy,A mUgsa viuk dke [kqn gh l¡Hkkyuk iM+rk gSA os [kqn ;kstuk cukrs gSa fd fdruk eky [kjhnsa vkSj dgk¡ o dSls viuh nqdku yxk,¡A mudh nqdkusa vLFkk;h gksrh gSaA dHkh&dHkh rks VwVs&iQwVs xÙks osQ fMCcksa ;k cDlksa ij dkx”k iQSykdj nqdku cu tkrh gS ;k [kacksa ij frjiky ;k IykfLVd p<+k ysrs gSaA os vius Bsys ;k lM+d dh iVjh ij IykfLVd fcNk dj Hkh dke pykrs gSaA mudks iqfyl dHkh Hkh viuh nqdku gVkus dks dg nsrh gSA muosQ ikl dksbZ lqj{kk ugha gksrhA dbZ ,slh Hkh txgsa gSa tgk¡ Bsysokyksa dks ?kqlus gh ugha fn;k tkrkA Bsysokys tks ph”ksa csprs gSa os vDlj ?kj ij muosQ ifjokjokys cukrs gSaA ifjokjokys ph”kksa dks [+kjhn dj lkiQ djosQ] Nk¡V djosQ cspus osQ fy, rS;kj djrs gSaA mnkgj.k osQ fy, tks lM+dksa ij [kkuk ;k uk'rk csprs gSa og ”;knkrj ?kj ij gh cuk;k tkrk gSAvgenkckn 'kgj osQ ,d losZ{k.k esa ik;k x;k fd dke djus okyksa esa ls 12 izfr'kr yksx lM+dksa ij dke dj jgs FksA

gekjs ns'k osQ 'kgjh bykdksa esa yxHkx ,d djksM+ yksx iqQVikFk vkSj Bsyksa ij lkeku csprs gSaSA vHkh gky&fiQygky rd xfy;ksa vkSj iqQVikFk ij bl dke dks ;krk;kr vkSj iSny pyusokys yksxksa osQ fy, ,d #dkoV dh rjg ns[kk tkrk FkkA ysfdu dbZ laLFkkvksa osQ iz;kl ls vc bldks lHkh osQ fy, mi;ksxh vkSj vkthfodk dekus osQ vf/dkj osQ :i esa ns[kk tk jgk gSA ljdkj Hkh ml dkuwu dks cnyus ij fopkj dj jgh gS ftlls muij izfrca/ yxk gqvk FkkA dkuwu esa cnyko vkus ls muosQ ikl dke djus dh txg gksxh vkSj ;krk;kr ,oa yksxksa dk vkokxeu Hkh lgt :i ls gks ik,xkA ,slk lq>ko gS fd 'kgjksa esa oqQN bykosQ iqQVikFk vkSj Bsyksa ij lkeku cspus okyksa osQ fy, r; dj fn, tk,¡A ;g Hkh lq>ko gS fd mUgsa [kqys :i ls vkus&tkus dh vuqefr gks vkSj os yksx mu lfefr;ksa esa j[ks tk,¡ tks bu eqíksa ij fu.kZ; ysrh gSaA

ck”kkj esa

tc ge ckt+kj igq¡pha rks nqdkusa vHkh [kqyuh 'kq: gh gqbZ FkhaA ysfdu R;ksgkj osQ dkj.k ogk¡ cgqr HkhM+ gks pqdh FkhA ogk¡ feBkbZ] f[kykSus] diM+s] pIiy] crZu] fctyh osQ lkeku bR;kfn dh nqdkuksa dh drkj ij drkj FkhA ,d dksus esa nk¡rksa osQ MkDVj dk Dyhfud FkkA esjh ekSlsjh cgu us muls igys ls gh le; ys j[kk FkkA ge ogk¡ igys igq¡p xb± ftlls gekjh ckjh u pyh tk,A gesa FkksM+h nsj ,d dejs esa bartkj djuk iM+kA MkDVj us mlosQ nk¡rksa dk ijh{k.k fd;k vkSj nk¡r dk Nsn Hkjokus osQ fy, vxys fnu vkus dks dgkA og cgqr Mj xbZ Fkh D;ksafd mlus lkspk fd ,d rks viuk nk¡r [kjkc gksus fn;k vkSj Åij ls bruk nnZ lgu djuk iM+sxkA MkDVj osQ ;gk¡ ls ge flys gq, diM+ksa osQ ,d 'kks:e ij xb± D;ksafd eSa dqN flys&flyk, diM+s [kjhnuk pkgrh FkhA bl 'kks:e dh rhu eaf”kysa Fkha vkSj gj eaft+y ij vyx rjhosQ osQ diM+s FksA ge rhljh eaft+y ij igq¡pha tgk¡ yM+fd;ksa osQ diM++s j[ks gq, FksA

cM+h nqdku esa

gjizhr% igys esjs ikik vkSj pkpk ,d NksVh&lh nqdku ij dke djrs FksA brokj dks vkSj R;ksgkjksa osQ le; eSa vkSj esjh ek¡ mudh enn djrs FksA eSaus dkWyst dh i<+kbZ iwjh djus osQ ckn ogk¡ dke djuk 'kq: fd;kA vc esjh iRuh oanuk vkSj eSa ;g 'kks:e pykrs gSaA

ch9_3

oUnuk% geus dqN lky igys ;g 'kks:e [kksykA eSa ,d Mªsl fMtk;uj gw¡A eSaus rjg&rjg osQ iSQ'ku osQ diM+s cukus dh i<+kbZ dh gSA ysfdu vktdy yksx diM+s flyokus dh txg flys&flyk, ;kuh jsMhesM diM+s [kjhnuk ilan djrs gSaA blfy, esjk è;ku bl ckr ij ”;knk jgrk gS fd oSQls bu jsMhesM diM+kssa dks vkd"kZd :i ls ltkdj j[kk tk,A  

ge vius 'kks:e osQ fy, vyx&vyx txgksa ls lkeku [kjhnrs gSaA ”;knkrj eky eqacbZ] vgenkckn] yqf/;kuk vkSj f=kiqjk ls vkrk gSA dqN lkeku fnYyh osQ ikl osQ 'kgjksa tSls xqM+xk¡o vkSj uks,Mk ls Hkh vkrk gSA dqN diM+s ge fons'kksa ls Hkh e¡xokrs gSaA bl 'kks:e dks lgh :i ls pykus osQ fy, gesa dbZ ph”ksa djuh iM+rh gSaA ge fofHkUu v[kckjksa esa] flusek gkWy esa] Vsyhfotu o jsfM;ks pSuy ij foKkiu nsrs gSaA vHkh rks ;g 'kks:e fdjk, ij gS] ij ge bls tYn gh [kjhn ysaxsA tc ls ;g ck”kkj vkl&ikl jgus okys yksxksa osQ fy, eq[; ck”kkj cu x;k gS rcls gekjk O;kikj cgqr c<+ x;k gSA geus ,d dkj [kjhn yh gS vkSj ikl dh lkslk;Vh esa ,d Ý+ySV Hkh ys fy;k gSA

gjizhr vkSj oanuk dh rjg dbZ yksx gSa ftuosQ ikl 'kgj osQ ck”kkjksa esa viuh nqdkusa gSaA ;s nqdkusa NksVh&cM+h gSa vkSj yksx

  • oanuk vkSj gjizhr us ,d cM+h nqdku D;ksa 'kq: dh\ mudks ;g nqdku pykus osQ fy, D;k&D;k djuk iM+rk gS\
  • ,d cM+h nqdku osQ ekfyd ls ckr dhft, vkSj irk yxkb, fd os vius dke dh ;kstuk dSls cukrs gSa\ D;k fiNys chl lkyksa esa muosQ dke esa dksbZ cnyko vk;k gS\
  • tks ck”kkj esa leku csprs gSa vkSj tks lM+dksa ij lkeku csprs gSa] muesa D;k varj gS\

vyx&vyx ph”ksa csprs gSaA ”;knkrj O;kikjh viuh nqdku ;k O;kikj [kqn l¡Hkkyrs gSaA os fdlh nwljs dh ukSdjh ugha djrsA ysfdu os [kqn dbZ yksxksa dks eSustj ;k lgk;d dh rjg ukSdjh ij j[krs gaSA 

;s iDdh nqdkusa gksrh gSa ftuosQ ikl uxj fuxe ls O;kikj djus osQ fy, ykblsal gksrk gSA uxj fuxe ;g fuf'pr djrk gS fd lIrkg esa dkSu ls fnu ck”kkj can jgsxkA mnkgj.k osQ fy, bl ck”kkj esa nqdkusa cq/okj dks can jgrh gSaA bl ck”kkj esa NksVs&NksVs nÝ+rj vkSj vU; nqdkusa Hkh gSa tks cSad] dwfj;j bR;kfn dh lsok,¡ nsrh gSaA 

i+SQDVªh esa

eSa vius ,d diM+s ij ”kjh dk dke djokuk pkgrh Fkh tks eq>s ,d [kkl ekSosQ ij iguuk FkkA esjh cgu us dgk fd og fueZyk dks tkurh gS tks ,d diM+s flyus dh i+SQDVªh esa dke djrh gSA fueZyk osQ iM+kslh ”kjh vkSj d<+kbZ dk dke djrs gSaA geus cl idM+h vkSj i+ SQDVªh dh rjiQ py iM+haA cl [kpk[kp Hkjh gqbZ FkhA gj LVkWi ij yksx p<+rs gh tk jgs Fks vkSj dksbZ Hkh mrjus dk uke ugha ys jgk FkkA viuh txg cukus osQ fy, yksx ,d&nwljs dks /Ddk ns jgs FksA esjh cgu us eq>s ,d dksus ij [kM+k dj fn;k rkfd HkhM+ esa gekjk Hkqjrk u cu tk,A eq>s gSjkuh gks jgh Fkh fd yksx jks”k ,sls dSls li+Qj djrs gSaA tSls gh cl iQSDVªh osQ ikl igq¡ph yksx mrjus yxsA ge Hkh ,d eksM+ ij mrj xb±A vkg! tku esa tku vkbZA

eksM+ ij cM+s lkjs yksx lewgksa esa ckM+ksa ij cSBs gq, FksA oqQN fVddj [kM+s gq, FksA mUgsa ns[kdj yx jgk Fkk fd os 'kk;n fdlh dk bar”kkj dj jgs FksA oqQN yksx LdwVjksa ij lokj muls ckr dj jgs Fks vkSj ^jsV* dks ysdj eksy&rksy dj jgs FksA esjh cgu us le>k;k fd ;g ^yscj pkSd* dgykrk gSA ;s fngkM+h ij dke djus okys e”knwj vkSj feL=kh gSaA oqQN tgk¡ Hkou cu jgs gksrs gSa ogk¡ e”knwjh djrs gSaA oqQN cks>k <ksrs gSa vkSj Vªdksa ls lkeku mrkjrs gSaA oqQN yksx VsyhiQksu dh ykbu vkSj ikuh dh ikbi osQ fy, [kqnkbZ dk dke Hkh djrs gSaA ysfdu bUgsa ges'kk dke ugha feyrkA ,sls gtkjksa vfu;fer et+nwj 'kgj esa gSaA

ge i+ SQDVªh esa ?kqls rks geus ik;k fd ogk¡ vyx&vyx dke osQ fy, vyx&vyx foHkkx FksA muesa ,slk yx jgk Fkk fd yksxksa dh dHkh u [kRe gksus okyh iafDr;k¡ FkhaA tgk¡ diM+s flys tk jgs Fks ml foHkkx esa geus ns[kk fd yksx NksVs ls dejs esa e'khuksa ij dke dj jgs FksA ,d&,d O;fDr ,d&,d flykbZ dh e'khu ij yxk gqvk Fkk vkSj gj dejs esa ,slh cgqr lkjh e'khusa FkhaA tks diM+s rS;kj gks jgs Fks os dejs esa ,d rjiQ rg dj osQ yxk, tk jgs FksA

ch9_4

yscj pkSd ij fngkM+h et+nwj vius vkSt+kjksa ds lkFk cSBdj yksxksa dk bart+kj djrs gSaA yksx mUgsa dke djokus ds fy, ogha ls ys tkrs gSaA

geus fueZyk dks ,slh gh ,d txg ij ik;kA og esjh cgu ls feydj cgqr [kq'k gqbZ vkSj mlus oknk fd;k fd esjs diM+ksa ij ”kjh dk dke djok nsxhA 

ch9_5

fueZyk diM+s fu;kZr djus okyh ,d oaQiuh esa n”khZ dk dke djrh gSA ftl i+ SQDVªh esa og dke djrh gS ogk¡ vejhdk] baXySaM] teZuh vkSj uhnjySaM tSls ns'kksa osQ yksxksa osQ fy, xehZ osQ diM+s flys tkrs gSaA

fnlacj ls vizSy rd fueZyk ij dke dk cks> cgqr ”;knk jgrk gSA gSA vDlj og 9 cts lqcg dke 'kq: djrh gS vkSj jkr 10 cts rd gh dke fuiV ikrk gSA dbZ ckj vkSj Hkh nsj gks tkrh gSA og gÝ+ rs esa N% fnu dke djrh gSA tc dke tYnh dk gksrk gS rks mUgsa brokj dks Hkh dke ij tkuk iM+rk gSA fueZyk dks jks”k vkB ?kaVs dke djus osQ 80 #- feyrs gSa vkSj vfrfjDr 40 #- nsj rd dke djus dk feyrk gSA twu rd dke [kRe gks tkrk gS rks i+ SQDVªhokys bu nf”kZ;ksa dh la[;k ?kVk nsrs gSaA fueZyk dks Hkh fudky fn;k tk,xkA gj lky djhc rhu ls pkj eghus osQ fy, mlosQ ikl dke ugha jgrk gSA

fueZyk dh rjg ”;knkrj dkjhxj vfu;fer :i ls dke esa yxs gq, gSaA eryc mudks dke ij rHkh vkuk gksrk gS tc ekfyd dks ”k:jr gksrh gSA mudks jks”kxkj rHkh feyrk gS tc ekfyd dks cgqr lkjk dke fey tkrk gS ;k fiQj [kkl ekSleksa esa dke feyrk gSA lky osQ cps gq, le; esa mUgsa nwljk dke <w¡<+uk iM+rk gSA fueZyk dh rjg dh ukSdfj;k¡ LFkk;h ugha gksrhaA vxj dkjhxj viuh ru[okg ;k ifjfLFkfr;ksa osQ ckjs esa f'kdk;r djrs gSa rks mUgsa fudky fn;k tkrk gSA ukSdjh dh dksbZ lqj{kk ugha gksrh vkSj vxj dksbZ cqjk O;ogkj djs rks muosQ cpko osQ fy, dqN ugha gksrkA muls cgqr yacs le; rd jks”k dke djus dh mEehn Hkh j[kh tkrh gSA mnkgj.k osQ fy, fctyh ls pyus okys dj?kksa dh ;kuh ikojywe iS+QDVªh esa e”knwj fnu vkSj jkr dh ikfy;ksa esa ckjg&ckjg ?kaVs rd dke djrs gSaA mUgas vkB ?kaVksa ls ”;knk dke djus dh e”knwjh vyx ls ugha feyrhA

  • vkidks D;k yxrk gS fd i+SQfDVª;k¡ ;k NksVs dkj[kkus e”knwjksa dks vfu;fer :i ls dke ij D;ksa j[krs gSa\
  • fueZyk tSls e”knwjksa dh dke djus dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk fuEu ds vk/kj ij fooj.k nhft, & dke ds ?kaVs] dekbZ] dke djus dh txg o lqfo/k,¡] lky Hkj esa jks”kxkj osQ fnuksa dh la[;kA
  • D;k vki ;g ekusaxs fd nwljksa ds ?kjksa esa dke djus okyh efgyk,¡ Hkh vfu;fer et+nwjksa dh Js.kh esa vkrh gSa] D;ksa\ ,d ,slh dkexkj efgyk ds fnuHkj ds dke dk fooj.k nhft,A


nÝ+rj esa

esjh ekSlh lq/k foi.ku izca/d ;kuh ekosQ±fVx eSustj gSaA mUgksaus gesa 'kke lk<+s ik¡p ls igys vius nÝ+rj igq¡pus dks dgk FkkA geus lkspk fd nsj u gks tk, blhfy, vkWVksfjD'kk ys fy;k ftlus gesa fcYoqQy le; ij igq¡pk fn;kA mudk nÝ+rj ,slh txg ij Fkk tgk¡ pkjksa rjiQ cM+h&cM+h bekjrsa FkhaA muesa ls lSdM+ksa yksx ckgj vk jgs FksA dqN dkj ikfd±x dh rjiQ c<+ jgs Fks vkSj dqN clksa dh iafDr;ksa dh rjiQA

ekSlh ,d fcLoqQV cukus okyh oaQiuh esa eSustj dk dke djrh gSaA fcLoqQV 'kgj osQ ckgj ,d i+SQDVªh esa cuk, tkrs gSaA ekSlh ipkl foØsrkvksa (lsYleSu) osQ dke dk fujh{k.k djrh gSa tks 'kgj osQ fofHkUu Hkkxksa esa vkrs&tkrs gSaA ;s yksx nqdkunkjksa ls cM+s&cM+s vkMZj ysrs gSa vkSj muls Hkqxrku bdêòk djrs gSaA

dke dks lqpk# :i ls pykus osQ fy, ekSlh us 'kgj dks N% Hkkxksa esa ck¡V fn;k gS vkSj os gj gÝ+rs ,d Hkkx osQ foØsrkvksa ls feyrh gSaA os mudh izxfr jiV ns[krh gSa vkSj mudh leL;kvksa ij ppkZ djrh gSaA mudks iwjs 'kgj esa fcØh dh ;kstuk cukuh gksrh gS vkSj vDlj nsj jkr rd dke djuk iM+rk gSA mUgsa dke osQ flyflys esa ;k=kk,¡ Hkh djuh iM+rh gSaA ekSlh dks fu;fer ru[okg feyrh gS vkSj og fcLdqV daiuh dh LFkk;h deZpkjh gSaA os ;g mEehn j[k ldrh gSa fd mudh ukSdjh yacs le; rd pysxhA LFkk;h deZpkjh gksus osQ dkj.k mudks fuEufyf[kr iQk;ns Hkh  feyrs gSa %

cq<+kis osQ fy, cpr & mudh ru[okg dk ,d Hkkx Hkfo"; fuf/ esa ljdkj osQ ikl Mky fn;k tkrk gSA bl cpr ij C;kt Hkh feyrk gSA ukSdjh ls lsokfuo`Ùk gksus ij ;g iSlk fey tkrk gSA

Nqfêð;k¡&brokj vkSj jk"Vªh; R;ksgkjksa osQ fy, Nqêðh feyrh gSA mudks okf"kZd Nqêðh osQ :i esa Hkh oqQN fnu feyrs gSaA

ifjokj osQ fy, fpfdRlk dh lqfo/k,¡ & oaQiuh ,d lhek rd deZpkjh vkSj muosQ ifjokjtuksa osQ bykt dk [kpkZ mBkrh gSA

ch9_6

gkuxjksa esa dkWy lsaVjksa esa dke djuk jkst+xkj dk ,d u;k {ks=k gSA miHkksDrk Vh-oh-] fiz+Qt tSls lkekuksa dks [+kjhnrs gSa] cSad vkSj i+Qksu tSlh lsokvksa dk mi;ksx djrs gSaA dkWy lsaVj ,d dsaæhÑr nÝ+rj gS tgk¡ ,d gh txg ls miHkksDrkvksa dh leL;kvksa vkSj muls tqM+s lokyksa ls lacaf/r tkudkjh nh tkrh gSA dkWy lsaVj izk;% gkWyuqek dejksa esa pyk, tkrs gSaA muesa vyx&vyx [kkus cus jgrs gSaA ogk¡ daI;wVj] VsyhiQksu] gsMiQksu vkSj Lihdj yxs jgrs gSaA

Hkkjr bl {ks=k esa ,d egÙoiw.kZ osQaæ cu x;k gSA ;gk¡ u osQoy Hkkjrh; daifu;k¡ cfYd fons'kh daifu;k¡ Hkh vius dkWy lsaVj [kksyrh gSaA fons'kh daifu;ksa osQ vkd"kZ.k dk dkj.k gS fd ;gk¡ vaxzst+h cksyus okys yksx vklkuh ls vkSj de osru ij fey tkrs gSaA

vxj rch;r [kjkc gks tk, rks deZpkjh dks chekjh osQ nkSjku Nqêðhfeyrh gSA

'kgj esa ,sls dbZ deZpkjh gksrs gSa tks nÝ+ rjksa] iS+ QfDVª;ksa vkSj ljdkjh foHkkxksa esa dke djrs gS tgk¡ mUgsa fu;fer vkSj LFkk;h deZpkjh dh rjg jks”kxkj feyrk gSA os yxkrj mlh nÝ+ rj ;k iS+ QDVªh esa dke ij tkrs gSaA mudk dke Hkh r; gksrk gSA mudks gj eghus ru[okg feyrh gSA vxj i+ SQDVªh esa dke de gks rks Hkh mUgsa vfu;fer :i ls dke djus okys e”knwjksa dh rjg fudkyk ugha tkrkA

vkf[kj fnu [kRe gqvk vkSj ge ekSlh dh dkj esa FkoQh&ek¡nh cSB xb±A ysfdu vkt cgqr e”kk vk;kA eSaus lkspk fd fdruk vPNk gS fd 'kgj esa brus lkjs yksx bruh rjg dk dke djrs gSaA os dHkh ,d&nwljs ls feyrs Hkh ugha] exj mudk dke mUgsa ck¡/rk gS vkSj 'kgjh thou dks cuk, j[krk gSA

vH;kl

1- uhps yscj pkSd ij vkus okys e”knwjksa dh f”kanxh dk fooj.k fn;k x;k gSA bls if<+, vkSj vkil esa ppkZ dhft, fd yscj pkSd ij vkus okys e”knwjksa osQ thou dh D;k fLFkfr gS\
yscj pkSd ij tks e”knwj jgrs gSa muesa ls ”;knkrj vius jgus dh LFkk;h O;oLFkk ugha dj ikrs vkSj blfy, os pkSd osQ ikl i+QqVikFk ij lksrs gSa ;k fiQj ikl osQ jkf=k foJke x`g (jSu clsjk) esa jgrs gaSA bls uxjfuxe pykrk gS vkSj blesa N% #i;k ,d fcLrj dk izfrfnu fdjk;k nsuk iM+rk gSA lkeku dh lqj{kk dk dksbZ bar”kke u jgus osQ dkj.k os ogk¡ osQ pk; ;k iku&chM+h okyksa dh nqdkuksa dks cSad osQ :i esa bLrseky djrs gSaaA muds ikl os iSlk tek djrs gSa vkSj muls m/kj Hkh ysrs gSaA os vius vkS”kkjksa dks jkr esa muds ikl fgi+Qktr osQ fy, NksM+ nsrs gSaA nqdkunkj e”knwjksa osQ lkeku dh lqj{kk osQ lkFk t+:jr iM+us ij mUgsa d”kZ Hkh nsrs gSaA 
lzksr% fgUnw vkWu ykbu] veu lsBh 
2- fuEufyf[kr rkfydk dks iwjk dhft, vkSj mudk dke fdl rjg ls vyx gS bldk o.kZu dhft,A
ch9_7
3- ,d LFkk;h vkSj fu;fer ukSdjh vfu;fer dke ls fdl rjg vyx gS\
4- lq/k dks vius osru osQ vykok vkSj dkSu&ls ykHk feyrs gSa\
5- uhps nh xbZ rkfydk esa vius ifjfpr ck”kkj dh nqdkuksa ;k nÝ+rjksa osQ uke Hkjsa fd os fdl izdkj dh pht+sa ;k lsok,¡ eqgS;k djkrs gSa\
ch9_8

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