embroidery and as wall decoration in Saurashtra, Gujarat and South India 15 Dadaji remembers From the time of my grandfather and great grandfather, we have always been saperas (snake-charmers). Snakes have been an important part of our life. We used to move from village to village carrying our snakes in bamboo baskets. Whenever we stopped in a village, a crowd would gather around us. We would then take out our snakes from our baskets. Even after the show, people would stay on. They knew that in our tinbox there were many types of medicines for them. We made these medicines from plants collected from the forests. I had learnt all this from my grandfather. I felt nice that I could help people with my medicines even if doctors and hospitals were far off. In return, people would give us some money or foodgrains. In this way we could manage our life. Sometimes, I was called to places where someone had been bitten by a snake. From the marks of the bite I tried to find out which snake had bitten the person. I would then give a medicine for that. But I have not always been on time to help. As you know, some snake bites can even cause death on the spot. But most of the snakes are not poisonous. Sometimes, when some farmers would come running for help shouting “snake, snake”, I would catch that snake. After all, catching snakes was something I had been doing since my childhood. Oh, those were the good days. We could help a lot of people in many ways. We also entertained them. It was not like today when everyone watches TV for entertainment. When I grew older, my father taught me how to remove their Think and tell • Have you ever seen anyone playing a been? Where? • Have you ever seen a snake? Where? • Were you scared by it? Why? • Do you think all snakes are poisonous? • In chapter 1 you read that snakes do not have ears which you can see. Can the snake hear the been or a young child. He learnt to play the been without being taught. These days it is diffcult. Now the government has made a law that no one can catch wild animals and keep them. Some people kill the animals and sell their skins at high prices. So they made a law against this. Now, with this law, how will we earn our livelihood? We people have never killed snakes, and sold their skin. People say that we keep the snakes in bad conditions. If we wanted, we too could have earned a lot of money by killing snakes. But we would never do that. Snakes are our treasure, that we pass on from one generation to another. We even gift snakes to our daughters when they get married. In our Kalbelia dance we also have movements similar to the dance of the snake. Aryanath, you will have to make a different life for yourself. You have got your father’s gift of playing the been. You and your cousins can form a been party and entertain people. But do not waste this knowledge about snakes you have got from your elders. Share your knowledge about snakes with children who live in towns and cities. Tell them, that they should not be scared of snakes. Help them to recognise poisonous snakes. Tell them how snakes are friends of the farmers. They eat the rats in the fields, otherwise rats would eat the crops. Now you tell our story. Also make a new story of your life, to tell your grandchildren. Write • Have you ever seen animals being used for entertainment of people? (For example, in a circus, on the road, or in a park) –When and where did you see this? –Which animal show did you see? • How did people behave with the animals in the show? • Was anyone teasing the animals? How? • What kind of questions came to your mind after seeing that animal show? Imagine that you are an animal in a cage. Think how you would feel. Complete the following sentences : • I am afraid when • I wish I • I am sad when • If I had a chance I would • I do not like it at all when A Snake Charmer’s Story Do you know? Of the many kinds of snakes found in our country, only four types of snakes are poisonous. They are: Cobra, Common Krait, Russel’s Viper (Duboiya), Saw-scaled Viper (Afai). A snake has two hollow teeth (fangs). When it bites, the poison enters the person's body through the fangs. There is a medicine for snake bites.The medicine is made from the snake's poison andCobrais available in all government hospitals. KraitDuboiya Write • Like snake-charmers, which other people depend on animals for their livelihood? Survey–People who keep animals Talk to some people in your neighbourhood who keep one or more animals for their livelihood–for example, a horse for a tonga, hens for eggs, etc. • Name the animal they keep? • How many animals are there? • Is there a separate place for the animals? • Who looks after them? • What do the animals eat? • Do the animals ever fall ill? What does the keeper do then? • Make some more questions and discuss. • Make a report on your project and read it out in the class. A Snake Charmer’s Story 21

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