CHAPTER7 Control and Coordination Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which of the following statements is correct about receptors? (a) Gustatory receptors detect taste while olfactory receptors detect smell (b) Both gustatory and olfactory receptors detect smell (c) Auditory receptors detect smell and olfactory receptors detect taste (d) Olfactory receptors detect taste and gustatory receptors smell 2. Electrical impulse travels in a neuron from (a) Dendrite → axon → axonal end → cell body (b) Cell body → dendrite → axon → axonal end (c) Dendrite → cell body → axon → axonal end (d) Axonal end → axon → cell body → dendrite 3. In a synapse, chemical signal is transmitted from (a) dendritic end of one neuron to axonal end of another neuron (b) axon to cell body of the same neuron (c) cell body to axonal end of the same neuron (d) axonal end of one neuron to dendritic end of another neuron 4. In a neuron, conversion of electrical signal to a chemical signal occurs at/in (a) cell body (b) axonal end (c) dendritic end (d) axon 5. Which is the correct sequence of the components of a reflex arc? (a) Receptors→ Muscles→ Sensory neuron→ Motor neuron→ Spinal cord (b) Receptors→ Motor neuron → Spinal cord → Sensory neuron → Muscle (c) Receptors → Spinal cord → Sensory neuron → Motor neuron → Muscle (d) Receptors → Sensory neuron → Spinal cord → Motor neuron → Muscle 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Which of the following statements are true? (i) Sudden action in response to something in the environment is called reflex action (ii) Sensory neurons carry signals from spinal cord to muscles (iii) Motor neurons carry signals from receptors to spinal cord (iv) The path through which signals are transmitted from a receptor to a muscle or a gland is called reflex arc (a) (i) and (ii) (b) (i) and (iii) (c) (i) and (iv) (d) (i) , (ii) and (iii) Which of the following statements are true about the brain? (i) The main thinking part of brain is hind brain (ii) Centres of hearing, smell, memory, sight etc are located in fore brain. (iii) Involuntary actions like salivation, vomiting, blood pressure are controlled by the medulla in the hind brain (iv) Cerebellum does not control posture and balance of the body (a) (i) and (ii) (b) (i), (ii) and (iii) (c) (ii) and (iii) (d) (iii) and (iv) Posture and balance of the body is controlled by (a) cerebrum (b) cerebellum (c) medulla (d) pons Spinal cord originates from (a) cerebrum (b) medulla (c) pons (d) cerebellum The movement of shoot towards light is (a) geotropism (b) hydrotropism (c) chemotropism (d) phototropism The main function of abscisic acid in plants is to (a) increase the length of cells (b) promote cell division (c) inhibit growth (d) promote growth of stem 12. Which of the following is not associated with growth of plant? (a) Auxin (b) Gibberellins (c) Cytokinins (d) Abscisic acid 13. Iodine is necessary for the synthesis of which hormone? (a) Adrenaline (b) Thyroxin (c) Auxin (d) Insulin 14. Choose the incorrect statement about insulin (a) It is produced from pancreas (b) It regulates growth and development of the body (c) It regulates blood sugar level (d) Insufficient secretion of insulin will cause diabetes 15. Select the mis-matched pair (a) Adrenaline : Pituitary gland (b) Testosterone: Testes (c) Estrogen : Ovary (d) Thyroxin : Thyroid gland 16. The shape of guard cells changes due to change in the (a) protein composition of cells (b) temperature of cells (c) amount of water in cells (d) position of nucleus in the cells 17. The growth of tendril in pea plants is due to (a) effect of light (b) effect of gravity (c) rapid cell divisions in tendrillar cells that are away from the support (d) rapid cell divisions in tendrillar cells in contact with the support 18. The growth of pollen tubes towards ovules is due to (a) hydrotropism (b) chemotropism (c) geotropism (d) phototropism 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. The movement of sunflower in accordance with the path of sun is due to (a) phototropism (b) geotropism (c) chemotropism (d) hydrotropism The substance that triggers the fall of mature leaves and fruits from plants is due to (a) auxin (b) gibberellin (c) abscisic acid (d) cytokinin Which of the following statements about transmission of nerve impulse is incorrect? (a) Nerve impulse travels from dendritic end towards axonal end (b) At the dendritic end electrical impulses bring about the release of some chemicals which generate an electrical impulse at the axonal end of another neuron (c) The chemicals released from the axonal end of one neuron cross the synapse and generate a similar electrical impulse in a dendrite of another neuron (d) A neuron transmits electrical impulses not only to another neuron but also to muscle and gland cells Involuntary actions in the body are controlled by (a) medulla in fore brain (b) medulla in mid brain (c) medulla in hind brain (d) medulla in spinal cord Which of the following is not an involuntary action? (a) Vomiting (b) Salivation (c) Heart beat (d) Chewing When a person is suffering from severe cold, he or she cannot (a) differentiate the taste of an apple from that of an ice cream (b) differentiate the smell of a perfume from that of an agarbatti (c) differentiate red light from green light (d) differentiate a hot object from a cold object 25. What is the correct direction of flow of electrical impulses? Fig. 7.1 26. Which statement is not true about thyroxin? (a) Iron is essential for the synthesis of thyroxin (b) It regulates carbohydrates, protein and fat metabolism in the body (c) Thyroid gland requires iodine to synthesise thyroxin (d) Thyroxin is also called thyroid hormone 27. Dwarfism results due to (a) Excess secretion of thyroxin (b) Less secretion of growth hormone (c) Less secretion of adrenaline (d) Excess secretion of growth hormone 28. Dramatic changes of body features associated with puberty are mainly because of secretion of (a) oestrogen from testes and testosterone from ovary (b) estrogen from adrenal gland and testosterone from pituitary gland (c) testosterone from testes and estrogen from ovary (d) testosterone from thyroid gland and estrogen from pituitary gland 29. A doctor advised a person to take an injection of insulin because (a) his blood pressure was low (b) his heart was beating slowly (c) he was suffering from goitre (d) his sugar level in blood was high 30. The hormone which increases the fertility in males is called (a) oestrogen (b) testosterone (c) insulin (d) growth hormone 31. Which of the following endocrine glands is unpaired? (a) Adrenal (b) Testes (c) Pituitary (d) Ovary 32. Junction between two neurons is called (a) cell junction (b) neuro muscular junction (c) neural joint (d) synapse 33. In humans, the life processes are controlled and regulated by (a) reproductive and endocrine systems (b) respiratory and nervous systems (c) endocrine and digestive systems (d) nervous and endocrine systems Short Answer Questions 34. Label the parts (a), (b), (c) and (d) and show the direction of flow of electrical signals in Figure 7.2. 35. Name the plant hormones responsible for the following (a) elongation of cells (b) growth of stem (c) promotion of cell division (d) falling of senescent leaves. 36. Label the endocrine glands in Figure 7.3.Fig. 7.337. In Figure 7.4 (a), (b) and (c), which appears more accurate and why? Fig. 7.4 38. Label the parts of a neuron in Figure 7.5. Fig. 7.5 39. Match the terms of Column (A) with those of Column (B)Column (A) Column (B) (a) Olfactory receptors (i) Tongue (b) Thermo receptors (temperature receptors) (ii) Eye (c) Gustatoreceptors (iii) Nose (d) Photoreceptors (iv) Skin 40. What is a tropic movement? Explain with an example. 41. What will happen if intake of iodine in our diet is low? 42. What happens at the synapse between two neurons? CONTROL AND CO-ORDINATION 43. Answer the following : (a) Which hormone is responsible for the changes noticed in females at puberty? (b) Dwarfism results due to deficiency of which hormone? (c) Blood sugar level rises due to deficiency of which hormone? (d) Iodine is necessary for the synthesis of which hormone? 44. Answer the following : (a) Name the endocrine gland associated with brain? (b) Which gland secretes digestive enzymes as well as hormones? (c) Name the endocrine gland associated with kidneys? (d) Which endocrine gland is present in males but not in females? Long Answer Questions 45. Draw the structure of a neuron and explain its function. 46. What are the major parts of the brain? Mention the functions of different parts. 47. What constitutes the central and peripheral nervous systems? How are the components of central nervous system protected? 48. Mention one function for each of these hormones : (a) Thyroxin (b) Insulin (c) Adrenaline (d) Growth hormone (e)Testosterone. 49. Name various plant hormones. Also give their physiological effects on plant growth and development. 50. What are reflex actions? Give two examples. Explain a reflex arc. 51. “Nervous and hormonal systems together perform the function of control and coordination in human beings.” Justify the statement. 52. How does chemical coordination take place in animals? 53. Why is the flow of signals in a synapse from axonal end of one neuron to dendritic end of another neuron but not the reverse?